GET vs POST: difference between GET and POST method?

GET vs POST: What is the difference between getting and POST methods?

Quick java tutorial on the Difference between GET and POST methods in HTTP. Both GET and POST method is used to transfer data from client to server in HTTP protocol but the Main difference between the POST and GET method is that GET carries request parameter appended in URL string while POST carries request parameter in message body which makes it more secure way of transferring data from client to server in HTTP protocol.

 

Compare GET vs POST | 

The following table compares the two HTTP methods: GET and POST.

GET POST
BACK button/Reload Harmless Data will be re-submitted (the browser should alert the user that the data are about to be re-submitted)
Bookmarked Can be bookmarked Cannot be bookmarked
Cached Can be cached Not cached
Encoding type application/x-www-form-urlencoded application/x-www-form-urlencoded or multipart/form-data. Use multipart encoding for binary data
History Parameters remain in browser history Parameters are not saved in browser history
Restrictions on data length Yes, when sending data, the GET method adds the data to the URL; and the length of a URL is limited (maximum URL length is 2048 characters) No restrictions
Restrictions on data type Only ASCII characters allowed No restrictions. Binary data is also allowed
Security GET is less secure compared to POST because data sent is part of the URL

Never use GET when sending passwords or other sensitive information!

POST is a little safer than GET because the parameters are not stored in browser history or in web server logs
Visibility Data is visible to everyone in the URL Data is not displayed in the URL

 

GET POST
1) In the case of Get request, only a limited amount of data can be sent because data is sent in the header. In case of post request, a large amount of data can be sent because data is sent in body.
2) Get request is not secured because data is exposed in the URL bar. Post request is secured because data is not exposed in the URL bar.
3) Get requests can be bookmarked. Post requests cannot be bookmarked.
4) Get a request is idempotent. It means the second request will be ignored until the response of the first request is delivered Post request is non-idempotent.
5) Get request is more efficient and used more than Post. Post request is less efficient and used less than getting.

 

Methods of Sending Information to Server

A web browser communicates with the server typically using one of the two HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) methods — GET and POST. Both methods pass the information differently and have different advantages and disadvantages, as described below.

 

The GET Method 

In GET method the data is sent as URL parameters that are usually strings of name and value pairs separated by ampersands (&). In general, a URL with GET data will look like this:

http://www.example.com/action.php?name=john&age=24

The bold parts in the URL are the GET parameters and the italic parts are the value of those parameters. More than one parameter=value can be embedded in the URL by concatenating with ampersands (&). One can only send simple text data via GET method.

 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using the GET Method

  • Since the data sent by the GET method are displayed in the URL, it is possible to bookmark the page with specific query string values.
  • The GET method is not suitable for passing sensitive information such as the username and password, because these are fully visible in the URL query string as well as potentially stored in the client browser’s memory as a visited page.
  • Because the GET method assigns data to a server environment variable, the length of the URL is limited. So, there is a limitation for the total data to be sent.

 

PHP provides the superglobal variable $_GET to access all the information sent either through the URL or submitted through an HTML form using the method=”get”.

Example

if(isset($_GET["name"])){

    echo "<p>Hi, " . $_GET["name"] . "</p>";

}

<form method="get" action="<?php echo $_SERVER["PHP_SELF"];?>">

    <label for="inputName">Name:</label>

    <input type="text" name="name" id="inputName">

    <input type="submit" value="Submit">

</form>

 

The POST Method

In the POST method, the data is sent to the server as a package in a separate communication with the processing script. Data sent through the POST method will not visible in the URL.

 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using the POST Method

It is more secure than GET because user-entered information is never visible in the URL query string or in the server logs.

There is a much larger limit on the amount of data that can be passed and one can send text data as well as binary data (uploading a file) using POST.

Since the data sent by the POST method is not visible in the URL, so it is not possible to bookmark the page with a specific query.

Like $_GET, PHP provides another superglobal variable $_POST to access all the information sent via post method or submitted through an HTML form using the method=”post”.

 

if(isset($_POST["name"])){

    echo "<p>Hi, " . $_POST["name"] . "</p>";

}

<form method="post" action="<?php echo $_SERVER["PHP_SELF"];?>">

    <label for="inputName">Name:</label>

    <input type="text" name="name" id="inputName">

    <input type="submit" value="Submit">

</form>

 

The $_REQUEST Variable

PHP provides another superglobal variable $_REQUEST that contains the values of both the $_GET and $_POST variables as well as the values of the $_COOKIE superglobal variable.

Example:

if(isset($_REQUEST["name"])){

    echo "<p>Hi, " . $_REQUEST["name"] . "</p>";

}

<form method="post" action="<?php echo $_SERVER["PHP_SELF"];?>">

    <label for="inputName">Name:</label>

    <input type="text" name="name" id="inputName">

    <input type="submit" value="Submit">

</form>

You will learn more about PHP cookies and form handling in the advanced section.

Note: The superglobal variables $_GET, $_POST, and $_REQUEST are built-in variables that are always available in all scopes throughout a script.

You will learn more about PHP cookies and form handling in the advanced section.

Note: The superglobal variables $_GET, $_POST and $_REQUEST are built-in variables that are always available in all scopes throughout a script.

Related: 

 

You may like GET vs POST

GET vs. POST … HTTP POST requests supply additional data from the client (browser) to the server in the message body. In contrast, GET requests to include all.

8 Comments

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published.